How to Flush DNS in Windows Using the Command Prompt
Step 1 – Close all open web browsers and applications on your computer.
Step 2 – Open the Windows command prompt by selecting the “Start” menu and entering “cmd” in the search text field box followed by clicking the “enter” key.
Step 3 – At the command prompt, enter “ipconfig /flushdns” followed by pressing the “enter” key. After a moment, Windows will display a message similar to: “Successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.” Once the message is displayed, the DNS will be flushed removing all incorrect entries.
Step 4 – View the DNS resolver cache by entering, “ipconfig /displaydns” at the command prompt followed by clicking the “Enter” key.
How to Turn Off DNS Caching in Windows
If clearing DNS cache does not solve frequent DNS errors on the computer running Microsoft Windows, client-side DNS caching can be disabled. When DNS caching on the client disabled, your computer will still be “usable,” but just not as efficient or “fast” as it is with the service turned on and working properly.
Step 1 – Open the Windows command prompt by selecting the “Start” menu button and entering “cmd” in the search text field followed by pressing the “enter” key on your computer.
Step 2 – Enter “net stop dnscache” or “sc servername stop dnscache” at the command prompt followed by pressing the “enter” key on your computer. DNS caching will be disabled until the next time the computer is restarted or rebooted. In order to make the change permanent, the DNS Client Service will need to be changed to disabled using the Microsoft Service Controller or
Steps to Stop DNS Client Services in Windows Using the Services Tool
Step 1 – Open the Windows command prompt. Then, input services.msc at the command prompt and press the enter key.
Step 2 – Locate the “DNS Client” application and double click the program icon.
Step 3 – Select the “Stop” menu button. Conversely, the application can be restarted in the same location of the services user interface.
Changing DNS Cache Settings in Windows
An alternative method that can be used to modify Windows DNS caching on the client-side is to change two of the registry entries in the registry associated with the service.
Step 1 – Select the “Start” menu button and enter “regedit” in the search text field followed by pressing the “enter” key.
Step 2 – Click the “Edit” and “Find” and enter “DNSCache” or use the menu on the left hand side of the editor to locate: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEM -> CurrentControlSet -> Services -> Dnscache -> Parameters.
Step 3 – The MaxCacheTTL is the maximum amount of time that Windows will cache a DNS lookup. The default value at the time of this writing is 86,400 seconds. You can change this entry to 1 to force windows to clear the cache every second. This can result in a negative performance drop on your computer.
Step 4 – Another registry key setting that can be changed is MaxNegativeCacheTTL which is the maximum amount of time that a failed DNS result will be cached. This is normally set to 900 seconds, but if you change it to 0, Windows will not store failed look-ups.
*Note, the path to the DNS cache registry key will be slightly different based on the version of Windows installed on your computer. Modifying the registry should be done with caution and not by those who lack significant computer experience.
How to Flush DNS in Mac OS X
If you are an Internet or web developer or do a fair amount of administrator tasks on your Mac, then the requirement to flush DNS cache will arise. Depending on what version of the OS is installed on your computer (Leopard vs Tiger), there will be a slightly different command to flush DNS.
Step 1 – If Mozilla Firefox is installed on your computer, exit the application if it is open.
Step 2 – Open the terminal on your computer.
Step 3 – On a computer running Lion (Mac OS X 10.5, 10.6, or 10.7) enter the following command followed by pressing the “return” key:
Step 4 – In Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger, enter the following command followed by pressing the “return” key:
How to Flush DNS in Linux
In many builds of Linux the nscd daemon is used to manage the client DNS cache. For builds that use this method, restarting the nscd daemon is the primary means to flush DNS cache. Other builds of Linux may run BIND or dnsmasq as the primary name service.
Steps to Flush NSCD DNS Cache
NSCD is used to speed up consecutive access to the same data and improve overall system performance.
Step 1 – Enter “$sudo /etc/init.d/nscd restart and press the “enter” or “return” key.
Step 2 – Once nscd restarts the DNS will be flushed. Alternatively, you can enter “# service nscd restart.”
Steps to Flush DNSMASQ DNS Cache
DNMASQ is used as a lightweight DHCP, TFTP, and DNS server. It was primarily designed to provide DHCP and DNS services to a LAN, accepts DNS queries, and answers them. It is also installed on a number of routers to cache DNS queries or look-ups.
Step 1 – Enter “$ sudo /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart”
Step 2 – Once dnsmasq restarts the DNS will be flushed.
Steps to Flush BIND Server DNS Cache
Similar to nscd and dnsmasq, to flush DNS cache in BIND simply requires a restart to clear the cache.
Step 1 – Enter “# /etc/init.d/named restart” followed by pressing the “enter” or “return” key.
Step 2 – Once BIND completes restart the DNS will be flushed.
How to Disable Firefox DNS Cache
Unlike other popular web browsers, Firefox runs its own DNS cache separate from the client services on your computer. As a result, if you commonly switch between a VPN, home ISP, or other connections, undesired results may occur if you access services which require use of your VPN, etc. For this reason, when you take actions to fully flush DNS on your computer, FireFox should be closed. If DNS issues persist on your computer and FireFox is your preferred browser, then the answer may lay in disabling DNS Cache in the browser specifically.
Step 1 – Launch Mozilla Firefox on your computer.
Step 2 – Install the Firefox DNS cache plugin.
Step 3 – Right click the “Home” menu button on Firefox and then select the “Customize” menu option.
Step 4 – Locate the “DNS Cache” menu button and then drag it beside the “Home” button on Firefox followed by clicking the “Done” button.
Step 5 – Click the “DNS Cache” menu button whenever you want to have Firefox DNS cache disabled.
Step 6 – Alternatively, you can change the FireFox DNS settings to have the cache expire after 0 seconds. To do so, enter “about:config” in the location bar followed by pressing the “enter” or “return” key. Right click at a blank location on the subsequently displayed record and select “New” and “Integer.”
Step 7 – Enter “network.dnsCacheExpiration” as the preference name with “0” as the integer value. If “network.dnsCacheExpiration” already exists, modify the integer value to “0.” If you want to restore FireFox defaults, simply change the value back to the default of “3600.” With 0 entered, DNS cache in FireFox will automatically expire on your computer.
If all fails then use the below:
On Microsoft Windows computers, the hosts file is located at \%SystemRoot%\system32\
Also, could you please try changing the current DNS server temporarily in the local computer?
Go to Network Connections in the Control Panel
Double click on the connection that is being used
Double click Internet Protocol Version 4
Set the new server addresses